Section 11a: Parodies, Pastiches, Burlesques, Travesties and Satires--General and Miscellaneous
Morley and William Baring-Gould author of Sherlock Holmes of Baker Street: A Life of the World's First Consulting Detective contend that the detective was born on 6 January , the year being derived from the statement in 'His Last Bow' that he was 60 years of age in , while the precise day is derived from broader, non-canonical speculation.
King also speculated about Holmes's birth date. She instead argues that details in 'The Adventure of the Gloria Scott' a story with no precise internal date indicate that Holmes finished his second and final year of university in or If he began university at age 17, his birth year could be as late as At their first meeting, in A Study in Scarlet, the detective warns Watson that he gets 'in the dumps at times' and doesn't open his 'mouth for days on end'. Leslie S. Klinger has suggested that Holmes exhibits signs of bipolar disorder, with intense enthusiasm followed by indolent self-absorption.
John Radford speculated on Holmes's intelligence. Snyder examined Holmes's methods in the context of mid- to lateth-century criminology. Both are still active, although the Sherlock Holmes Society was dissolved in and revived in The London society is one of many worldwide who arrange visits to the scenes of Holmes adventures, such as the Reichenbach Falls in the Swiss Alps.
The two societies founded in were followed by many more, first in the U. There are at least societies worldwide, including Australia, Canada The Bootmakers of Toronto , India, and Japan whose society has 80, members. After the festival, items were transferred to The Sherlock Holmes a London pub and the Conan Doyle collection housed in Lucens, Switzerland by the author's son, Adrian. In , the Sherlock Holmes Museum opened on Baker Street in London, followed the next year by a museum in Meiringen near the Reichenbach Falls dedicated to the detective. He was the only fictional character so honoured, along with eminent Britons such as Lord Byron, Benjamin Disraeli, and Florence Nightingale.
A common pastiche approach is to create a new story fully detailing an otherwise-passing canonical reference such as an aside by Conan Doyle mentioning the 'giant rat of Sumatra, a story for which the world is not yet prepared' in 'The Adventure of the Sussex Vampire'. Other adaptations have seen the character taken in radically different directions or placed in different times or even universes. For example, Holmes falls in love and marries in Laurie R. King's Mary Russell series, is re-animated after his death to fight future crime in the animated series Sherlock Holmes in the 22nd Century, and is meshed with the setting of H.
An especially influential pastiche was Nicholas Meyer's The Seven-Per-Cent Solution, a New York Times bestselling novel in which Holmes's cocaine addiction has progressed to the point of endangering his career. It was made into a film of the same name in and popularised the pastiche-writing trend of incorporating clearly identified and contemporaneous historical figures such as Oscar Wilde, Aleister Crowley, or Jack the Ripper into tales featuring Holmes, something Conan Doyle himself never did.
Related and derivative writingsMain article: Sherlock Holmes pastichesFurther information: List of authors of new Sherlock Holmes storiesIn addition to the Holmes canon, Conan Doyle's 'The Lost Special' features an unnamed 'amateur reasoner' intended to be identified as Holmes by his readers. The author's explanation of a baffling disappearance argued in Holmesian style poked fun at his own creation.
The author wrote other material, especially plays, featuring Holmes. Milne, and P. Wodehouse have all written Sherlock Holmes pastiches. Trow has written a series of seventeen books using Inspector Lestrade as the central character, beginning with The Adventures of Inspector Lestrade in Holmes retelling that story from Adler's point of view.
Martin Davies has written three novels where Baker Street housekeeper Mrs.
Hudson is the protagonist. Hodel and Sean M. John Gardner, Michael Kurland, and Kim Newman, amongst many others, have all written tales in which Holmes's nemesis Professor Moriarty is the main character. Anthologies edited by Michael Kurland and George Mann are entirely devoted to stories told from the perspective of characters other than Holmes and Watson. Laurie R. Her Holmes, semi-retired in Sussex, is stumbled upon by a teenaged American girl.
Recognising a kindred spirit, he trains her as his apprentice and subsequently marries her. As of , the series includes sixteen base novels and additional writings.
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The Final Solution, a novella by Michael Chabon, concerns an unnamed but long-retired detective interested in beekeeping who tackles the case of a missing parrot belonging to a Jewish refugee boy. Mitch Cullin's novel A Slight Trick of the Mind takes place two years after the end of the Second World War, and explores an old and frail Sherlock Holmes now 93 as he comes to terms with a life spent in emotionless logic; this was also adapted into a film, 's Mr.
There have been a host of scholarly works dealing with Sherlock Holmes, some working within the bounds of the Great Game, and some written with the understanding that Holmes is a fictional character. In particular, there have been three major annotated editions of the complete series. This two-volume set was ordered to fit Baring-Gould's preferred chronology, and was written from a Great Game perspective. The second was 's The Oxford Sherlock Holmes general editor: Owen Dudley Edwards , a nine-volume set written in a straight scholarly manner. Adaptations in other mediaMain article: Adaptations of Sherlock HolmesFurther information: List of actors who have played Sherlock Holmes Poster for the play Sherlock Holmes by Conan Doyle and actor William GilletteGuinness World Records has listed Holmes as the 'most portrayed movie character', with more than 70 actors playing the part in over films.
His first screen appearance was in the Mutoscope film, Sherlock Holmes Baffled. In addition to its popularity, the play is significant because it, rather than the original stories, introduced one of the key visual qualities commonly associated with Holmes today: his calabash pipe. In his lifetime, Gillette performed as Holmes some 1, times. In the early s, H. Saintsbury took over the role from Gillette for a tour of the play. While the Fox films were period pieces, the Universal films abandoned Victorian Britain and moved to a then-contemporary setting in which Holmes occasionally battled Nazis.
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The series was co-directed by Hayao Miyazaki. Livanov was appointed an Honorary Member of the Order of the British Empire for a performance ambassador Anthony Brenton described as 'one of the best I've ever seen'. Watson was played by David Burke in the first two series and Edward Hardwicke in the remainder. In March a release date of 21 December was set for the third film in the series.
In the series, created by Mark Gatiss and Steven Moffat, the stories' original Victorian setting is replaced by present-day London. Cumberbatch's Holmes uses modern technology including texting and blogging to help solve crimes. Joan Watson. Holmes starred Ian McKellen as a retired Sherlock Holmes living in Sussex, in , who grapples with an unsolved case involving a beautiful woman. According to the publisher, Frogwares, the series has sold over seven million copies.
Arthur Conan Doyle
The author's works are now in the public domain in those territories. Klinger lawyer and editor of The New Annotated Sherlock Holmes filed a declaratory judgement suit against the Conan Doyle estate in the Northern District of Illinois asking the court to acknowledge that the characters of Holmes and Watson were public domain in the U. Supreme Court, which declined to hear the case, letting the appeals court's ruling stand. This final step resulted in the characters from the Holmes stories, along with all but nine of the stories themselves those present in The Case-Book other than 'The Adventure of the Mazarin Stone', 'The Problem of Thor Bridge', and 'The Adventure of the Creeping Man' , being in the public domain in the U.
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British Library. Retrieved 3 July Retrieved 23 April The New York Times. Retrieved 10 March The Telegraph. Mail Online. Retrieved 23 March New York: Checkmark Books. San Francisco: Weiser Books. Lancelyn Green, Richard ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Free Press. The Annotated Sherlock Holmes.
Clarkson N. Potter, Inc. Conan O'Neill, foreword to Maximilien Heller'. Retrieved 10 November The Arthur Conan Doyle Encyclopedia. Retrieved 22 June Mental Floss. Retrieved 15 January The New Annotated Sherlock Holmes. New York: W. The Original illustrated 'Strand' Sherlock Holmes ed.
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Ware, England: Wordsworth. The Baker Street Journal. Retrieved 25 June The Sherlock Holmes Handbook. The methods and mysteries of the world's greatest detective. Philadelphia: Quirk Books. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine.
The Victorian Web. Retrieved 13 March Joe Bell: Model for Sherlock Holmes. Popular Press. Retrieved 17 October The Complete Sherlock Holmes, Volume 2. Bantam Books. Discovering Arthur Conan Doyle. Archived from the original on 17 December Retrieved 20 October Sherlock Holmes: The Unauthorized Biography.
New York: Grove Press. Retrieved 21 October Point of Inquiry. Center for Inquiry. Retrieved 23 July Oxford studies in epistemology.
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